IPPE Indicators

The IPPE indicators should have global impact on education. They should stimulate parent’s educational rights, especially those concerning their involvement in children’s compulsory education.

In order to identify the indicators, the consortium used the Report of the High Commissioner for Human Rights on the use of indicators for promoting and monitoring the implementation of the international instruments on human rights (cf. HRI/MC/2008/3). The Report defines human rights indicators as “specific information on the state of an event, activity or an outcome that can be related to human rights norms and standards; that address and reflect human rights concerns and principles; and that are used to assess and monitor promotion and protection of human rights”.

This study mentions three types of indicators: the structural, process and outcome indicators. The IPPE indicators are particularly related to the structural indicators. In other words, those that reflect “the ratification and adoption of legal instruments and existence of basic institutional mechanisms deemed necessary for facilitating realization of a human right” (HRI/MC/2008/3). These indicators should highlight both international commitments and internal standards applicable to each State.

The international instruments we selected for our research are as follows:

  • The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
  • The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
  • The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
  • The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
  • The Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and their Families (MWC)
  • The Convention against Discrimination in Education (CADE)

Besides, the regional instruments:

  • The European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR)
  • Protocol Nº 1 to the Convention and the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities

Finally, each country's Constitution and fundamental rules concerning education have been taken into account.

The indicators used in the preparation of reports include four rights: Information, choice, appeal and participation in formal bodies.

In order to achieve broad consensus on the usefulness and relevance of the indicators, consultations were held with key individuals and meetings were organized with stakeholders in the education system of each of the participating countries:

Belgium Spain Italy Portugal Romania United Kingdom (England and Wales) Switzerland (Bern, Geneva, Ticino, Vaud and Zurich)